CO2 Flooding
Downloadable Content

As the founding principal in the Annual CO2 Flooding Conference (, Melzer has found himself immersed in the specific technologies necessary for successful CO2 flooding. The willingness of the large oil companies to share their previously tightly-held CO2 technology is best evidenced by the seventeen CO2flooding shortcourses/seminars that Mr. Melzer has directed ( With the Permian Basin as their backyard, the opportunities to observe and document the best practices utilized in the 65+ active CO2floods have been invaluable. And now, with the success of the CO2 Flooding Conference, the backyard has expanded to all of North America and even worldwide as the best minds in all of CO2 flooding have come to participate each year in the Conference. The coming and potentially explosive growth in CO2 flooding due to oil prices and coincident CO2 storage (reservoir retention) will make these best practices even more critical. Expansion and proliferation of adequate sources of CO2 is the current challenge.

The Synergy of the Next Generation of Power Production and CO2 EOR

The global concern about rapidly expanding CO2emissions is beginning to create significant investment in carbon capture and CO2sequestration. Effectively, the only place to sequester CO2 and make money is in CO2 flooding. While the protocols for CO2 flooding for sequestration purposes are still being worked out, many companies are seeing the inevitable desirability of coupling future sources of CO2 with CO2. The sources of CO2 are many; the largest of which will likely become coal gasifiers. Coal gasification can be in the form of coal to electricity (analogous to the Texas Clean Energy Project (IGCC) concept–see, coal to liquids, or coal to poly-gen. Ethanol also has CO2 as a byproduct, as does hydrogen generation (steam methane reforming), many natural gas plants, and cement plants to name just a few additional sources.


Member of National Coal Council Study Task Force and coauthor of Chapter 4: Enhanced Oil Recovery Technology in NCC Report entitled Harnessing Coal’s Carbon Content to Advance the Economy, Environment, and Energy Security, Nat’l Coal Council, 6-22-12:

Member of On-shore Oil Resource Committee, National Petroleum Council & coauthor of Topic Paper #1-5 entitled “Conventional Onshore Oil Including Enhanced Oil Recovery,” dtd 9-15-11, Nat’l Petr Council,

(Coauthor) A Policy, Legal, and Regulatory Evaluation of the Feasibility of a National Pipeline Infrastructure for the Transport and Storage of Carbon Dioxide, Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission Rpt dtd 12/31/11.

Ming C.M., Melzer L.S. (2010), “CO2 EOR: A Model For Significant Carbon Reductions ,” White Paper presented at Symposium on the Role of EOR in Accelerating the Deployment of CCS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, July 23, 2010.(PDF)

–  July 2009 (PDF)

The Origin and Resources of Potential Oil Zones ,” SPE paper 102964, w/ G.J. Koperna and V.A. Kuuskraa, presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, Tx Sept 24-27, 2006.

Recovery of Oil Resources from the Residual and Transitional Oil Zones of the Permian Basin ”, SPE 102972, w/ G.J. Koperna and V.A. Kuuskraa presented at the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, San Antonio, TX, Sept 24-27, 2006.

Health and Safety of CO2 Operations, Melzer, L.S. and Young, P. (editor), Center for Energy and Economic Diversification Short Course #10 on Carbon Dioxide Flooding, December 2004.

Carbon Dioxide’s Growing Use in Enhanced Oil Recovery,” CryoGas International Magazine, Vol. 42, No. 8, Aug/Sep 2004, pp 48-57.
Stranded Oil in the Residual Oil Zone, USDOE Publication dated Feb ’06 (on the origins of residual oil zones) 91 Pages (PDF)

Not every oil field is suitable for CO2 EOR. Melzer Consulting has a case history tested reservoir expertise that can examine the suitability of a field for CO2flooding. Their business background can then place these findings into a business model for adding reserves or expanding a company’s mission into the fields of CO2. Their intimacy with CO2 sourcing can assist with co-location of CO2 sources, with CO2 EOR opportunities, or geologic CO2 storage.

Through their role in planning and directing the annual CO2 Flooding Conference each December, they know all the experienced and active producers, service and consulting companies in the CO2 world. If not the right company for your specific project, they can assist you with finding the right group to fit your needs. For example, for reservoir simulation studies, they will rely upon several associates depending on what technique or simulator software is needed. For CO2 flood equipment, production and facility operations design, flood operations, or even CO2 policy issues, they have liaisons with consulting companies specializing in CO2.

Enter your keyword